Freshwater Action Network
– grassroots influencing on water and sanitation

Learning from the governance and transparency programme in South Asia

FANSA have produced a series of case studies to share their learning from a five-year governance and transparency programme undertaken by FAN Global and WaterAid to improve the accountability and responsiveness of duty bearers to ensure equitable and sustainable WASH services for the poorest and most marginalised.

The programme, which came to an end in 2013, recognised that effective, well governed states are better at protecting people’s rights and providing services.With an understanding of governance that extends beyond the state alone, the programme fostered engagement between governments, civil society organizations and service providers. It was implemented by more than 30 local partners in Africa, South Asia and Latin America.


The case studies below detail how some of these activities were carried out by FAN South Asia and its partners, including learnings and challenges.



Using the Right to Information to deliver WASH in Andhra Pradesh

File 2124In Andhra Pradesh, FANSA partner MARI worked to increase the community members’ awareness of government structures, existing legislation, grievance addressal mechanisms and how they could be used in WASH advocacy.
Download the MARI case study (PDF 1.3Mb)



Improving water and sanitation access for Dalits in Andhra Pradesh
File 2121CRSD worked in Anantapur, India’s most severely drought-affected area after Rajasthan. The programme supported CRSD’s work with PMC, an alliance of Dalit and tribal-focussed NGOs, to improve WASH governance.

Download the CRSD case study (PDF 1.1Mb)



Improving WASH through social inclusion in Odisha

File 2122In Odisha, FANSA’s India chapter worked with Gram Vikas, a local civil
society organisation advocating for better WASH services who developed a scheme called MANTRA, the Movement and Action Network for Transformation in Rural Areas, which promotes social inclusion and unites communities through capacity building and provision of water and sanitation facilities around WASH issues.
Download the Gram Vikas case study (PDF 980Kb)


Empowering rural communities to demand WASH services in Jharkhand
File 2120SATHEE’s activities focused on Jharkhand’s Santhal areas, India’s culturally vibrant, indigenous tribal groups, most of whom live in the least developed parts of the state. SATHEE focused on empowering these communities, organising and training people so that their local communities can independently hold service providers to account.

Download the SATHEE case study (PDF 830Kb)


Improving WASH accountability in Bangladesh

File 2123NGO Forum for Public Health Development’s approach to the programme was to support local budget advocacy and reach out to 200,000 members of tea garden, wetland and hill tract communities in the district of Moulvi Bazar to improve the water and sanitation provision.

Download the NGO Forum case study (PDF 450Kb)