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At the UN, Civil Society will demonstrate breaches of two government administration (12 years) on ESCR

Mexican State, Mexico, UN review, ESCR Committee, Human rights violations


Mexico City, March 11.-. Almost 12 years after the last Review of the Mexican State at the United Nations on economic, social, cultural and environmental rights (ESCR), next week it will undergo a new Review by the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ESC Committee) of the UN in Geneva, composed of 18 international experts.
This process, which will take place in the framework of the 63rd session of the Committee and will last two days, from Monday 12 March in the afternoon (geneva time) to Tuesday 13 March in the morning (geneva time), will focus on the combined V and VI Periodic Reports of the Mexican State on the fulfillment of its obligations derived from the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (PIDESC), ratified by Mexico since 1981, as well as on the information provided by various civil society organizations that have prepared a joint Alternative Report on the matter .
In particular, the Joint Alternative Report on ESCR prepared by organizations specializing in the promotion and defense of these rights in Mexico and signed by more than 150 groups, organizations and networks stands out, which will also be presented tomorrow, Monday, March 12 (in the morning geneva time ) at the private audience that the Committee will hold with civil society organizations. The report states that the serious human rights crisis in the country is also shaped by multiple violations of economic, social, cultural and environmental rights committed by actions and omissions of the State and non-state actors such as companies, and that remain impunity for both corruption and lack of political will of the authorities and for the deficiency of appropriate national legal resources for the justiciability of these rights.
In this context, they also denounce the reluctance of the Mexican State to adhere to the Optional Protocol to the ICESCR that would allow cases of violations of the ESCR at the international level due to the lack of access to justice in Mexico.
The Alternative Report on ESCR documents and exposes the limitations, obstacles, setbacks and challenges in Mexico in the area of ​​human rights to health, education, housing, food, water and sanitation. social security, work, decent working conditions, freedom of association, protection and assistance to the family, the healthy environment, the free determination of peoples and the protection of biocultural heritage. The report also emphasizes the difficulties faced by different sectors of the population in the exercise of their economic Social Cultural and environmental Rights, especially the indigenous and comparable peoples and communities; women, girls, boys and adolescents; migrants, refugees and asylum seekers; the internally displaced persons; older people; the victims of trafficking; temporary workers, agricultural day laborers, and various sectors of the population affected by business activities that negatively impact human rights.
They also denounce the particular situation of risk, vulnerability and aggressions faced by defenders of economic, social, cultural and environmental rights, especially those who protect land, water and the environment, often in the framework of business activities and megaprojects, with tacit or explicit support from the authorities.
The full and summary versions of the DESCA Alternative Report, as well as the electronic book format can be downloaded from:
Link to the Executive Summary:
Link to the full report
The ESCR Committee will question the Mexican State on these and other issues to determine if the legislative, budgetary, judicial, and public policy measures adopted since the previous review in 2006 have been the most appropriate to boost the progress of the DESCA in the country. Likewise, he will question you about the measures adopted to comply with the recommendations that he addressed previously.
The Alternative Reports of the civil society are a key piece in this process since they reveal to the Committee DESC the numerous topics that make up the pending agenda of the Mexican State in the matter and fill the gaps of information of the governmental report. Organizations are concerned about the lack of recognition of various problems and challenges in Periodic Reports V and VI that the Mexican State referred to the ESCR Committee for purposes of this Review, and therefore, many of the measures reported by the federal government to address your obligations in DESCA are inappropriate and ineffective.
The ESCR Committee Review sessions on compliance with the ICESCR by the States Parties are public; the dialogue that will be held by the experts of the Committee and the Mexican government delegation on Monday, March 12 from 3 to 6pm and on Tuesday, March 13 from 10 to 1pm (Geneva time, Switzerland) will be broadcast live on the Internet at: http : // For more information contact organizations by email: [email protected]